The largest tropical rainforest reserve of the world is located at the topmost of the high Amazonas, in the southeastern region of Peruvian soil. At only 160 km away from the spectacular Inca ruins of Machu Picchu, Manu is unique because it protects three very well differentiated ecosystems:

The Puna - Having low vegetation due to the high altitudes, similar to the tundra, in which a yellowish herb called "ichu" grows, dotted with lakes and lagoons of deep blue and populated with llamas with flashy embellishments on their ears.

Cloudy Forest - A world of mystery always immersed in a deep mist and inhabited by the "Gallito de las Rocas" (Cock of the Rocks) which outstands by its striking red color, spectacled bears and endless quantities of giant ferns.

Low Tropical Rainforest - The house of the giant black caiman, river wolf, and of thirteen monkeys species and over one thousands bird species (10% of all of the worlds). Despite all invasions suffered, first by the Incas and later by the Spanish conquerors, and again by the Victorian rubber barons, Manu’s biosphere reserve has been protected mostly, throughout the centuries, because of its remote location and by the presence of hostile native tribes.

Actually, there are four distinct ethic groups inhabiting Manu- two of them are still isolated of any contact with modern civilization- in a protected territory of 1,881,200 hectares. With an approx. extension of half of the size of Switzerland, Manu might be one of the worlds most protected and richest species diversity. Within Manu's Biosphere Reserve it is that Manu National Park is found.

Manu's National Park

Manu's National Park (PNM) was established in 1973 and extended in 2002. It is located in the provinces of Paucartambo in Cusco, and Manu in Madre de Dios. It has an extension near to 1,716,295 hectares. It is a natural protected area and most biologically diverse region of Peru, and the world. Hence in 1977 it was declared as Core Region of Manu's Biosphere Reserve by the program "Man and the UNESCO Biosphere"; in 1987, because of its exceptional value to the world, it was listed in UNESCO World Heritage as Natural Heritage for Humankind.

Its establishment looks out to preserve a representative sample of the biological diversity, as well as preserving low and high rainforest landscapes and southeastern Peruvian Andes. Moreover, it is intended to promote tourism sustained by ecological criteria and culturally compatible.

On the other hand, the PMN also looks to promote and facilitate investigations, education and recreation, and so contributes the preservation of the archeological patrimony. Its presence helps to acknowledge and protect the cultural diversity, thus to self-determination of the natives in the area.

PMN protects one of the planet's most important regions in regards to the mega diversity of biological species. Its great extension crosses frigid Punes that surpasses heights of 4000

MAMSL; wild forest like mountains that give birth to a number of small waterfalls and valleys; cloud covered forest of the high jungle and finally the Amazonian flats. This magnificent and unique scenery includes a wide and complex hydrographic system and guarantees the presence of a great variety of ecosystems ever intervened by human beings.

In such circumstances, the biological diversity that holds the PMN is manifested in its full potential by a unique scene in the whole planet. The tropical forests of Manu have allowed the evolutionary and ecological processes to be carried out with no human intervention; however, in the existing area there is also a huge cultural wealth, represented by the current indigenous populations in different levels of contact with the outside world and also an archeological patrimony not yet revealed to its total splendor.

Limiting PMN's borders there are territorial reserves of different ethnic groups such as "Kugapakori" and "Nahua", the National Sanctuary of "Megantoni" and the "Amarakaeri" comunal reserve. Again, in 1987 was declared Humankind Natural Heritage by UNESCO.

Great part of PMN is indigenous territory. The "Yora", "Mashko-Piro", "Matsiguenka", "Harakmbut", "Wachipaeri" and "Yine" communities have ancestrally inhabited within the forest and rivers of these jungles. Native communities of "Tayakome" and "Yomibato" are well known within this area. Both are located in the upper zone of the Manu River. On the southeastern sector there is an agricultural association known as "Callanga". Also, in the northern east adjacent to the PMN (and within) live an undetermined number of indigenous populations in voluntary isolation?

© 2013 Atalaya Jardines del Inka G – 6, San Blas Cusco – Peru Phone: 0051-84-228327 Cusco - Perú Web : Pixeloso

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